Medical graduates register with the Postgraduate Medical Education (PGME) Office as residency trainees or as fellowship trainees.  Residency training is training which leads to specialty (or subspecialty) certification by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) or to certification as a family physician by the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC).  Fellowship training, on the other hand, does not lead to certification by the RCPSC or CFPC.  Fellows are either clinical fellows or research fellows.  Clinical fellowship training is ordinarily a one-year to three-year "topping off" experience for recognized specialists or family physicians.  Research fellows have no patient contact whatsoever. 


Observerships (also known as "shadowing") have no University of Toronto status.  Because of the many requests that the PGME Office receives on this topic, however, our website offers some basic information about opportunities to observe patient care in clinical settings in Toronto.


Please visit the following list for links to our current programs:


Programs List >



Application Instructions

Electives >

Fellowship Training >

Observerships >



Residency Training >